Getting a Second Chance? Prenatal Health Shocks and Infant Health Care

Krzysztof Karbownik (Emory University)

Prenatal health insults have negative consequences on adult outcomes while post- natal policies were shown to benefit treated children. Here, combining two orthogonal difference-in-differences designs, we document that access to health care center at ages 0-1 reduces the negative effects of prenatal influenza exposure on completed years of education, lifetime earnings, and adult health. This suggests that health interventions early in childhood can compensate for the adverse health shocks experienced in-utero.